Recent work demonstrated that when a rat palpates a surface to identify its texture, signals generated by whisker kinematics are integrated by the brain, one touch at a time, until the accumulated evidence supports a well-grounded choice. The framework of decision making through bounded integration, previously attributed to primates, thus extends to rodents. In the present study, we ask whether vibrissal somatosensory cortex (vS1 and vS2) functions as the integrator of incoming evidence or, alternatively, as a relay of evidence to a downstream integrator. Rats carried out 1–6 touches per trial to discriminate among candidate textures. We calculated the evidence for each texture, per touch, carried by the firing rates of sets of neurons in vS1 and vS2. The quantity of information within vS1 and vS2 did not grow progressively; instead, the decision was accounted for by modeling a downstream integrator that accumulated packets of vS1 and vS2 texture information until the total quantity of evidence for one texture reached a boundary. In this behavioral task, vibrissal somatosensory cortex appears to act as a sensory relay. Bounded integration is likely to take place in regions targeted by somatosensory cortex. When a rat palpates a surface to identify texture, vibrissal kinematic evidence is integrated by the brain one touch at a time. In this study, Zuo and Diamond find that vibrissal somatosensory cortex (vS1 and vS2) acts as a touch-by-touch distributor of evidence to a downstream integrator, where accumulation to a boundary triggers the decision.
|Titolo:||Texture Identification by Bounded Integration of Sensory Cortical Signals|
|Autori:||Zuo, Y.; Diamond, M. E.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.cub.2019.03.017|
|Fulltext via DOI:||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.03.017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|