The BPS spectrum of many 4d N = 2 theories may be seen as the (categorical) Galois cover of the BPS spectrum of a different 4d N = 2 model. The Galois group G acts as a physical symmetry of the covering N = 2 model. The simplest instance is SU(2) SQCD with Nf = 2 quarks, whose BPS spectrum is a Z2-cover of the BPS spectrum of pure SYM. More generally, N =2 SYM with simply-laced gauge group G admits Zk-covers for all k N;e.g. the Z2-cover of SO(8) SYM is SO(8) SYM coupled to two copies of the E6 Minahan-Nemeshanski SCFT. Galois covers simplify considerably thecomputationoftheBPSspectrumatG-symmetric points, in both finite and infinite chambers. When the covering and quotient QFTs admit a geometric engineering, say for class S models, the categorical spectral cover may be realized as a covering map in the geometry. A particularly nice instance is when the spectral Galois cover is induced by a modular cover of principal modular curves, X (NM) → X (M), or, more generally, by regular Grothendieck's dessins d'enfants; the BPS spectra of the corresponding N =2 QFTs have magic properties. The Galois covers allow to study effectively the action of the quantum (half)monodromy K(q)of4d N = 2 QFTs. We present several examples and applications of the spectral covering philosophy.
|Titolo:||Galois covers of N=2 BPS spettra and quantum monodromy|
|Autori:||Cecotti, S.; Del Zotto, M.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4310/ATMP.2016.v20.n6.a1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Journal article|